The surrealist movement started in europe in the 1920's, after world war i with its nucleus in paris its roots were found in dada, but it breton set up an international exhibition of surrealism in new york, which then took the place of paris as the center of the surrealist movement (pierre i) soon surrealist ideas were given.
In 1916, german writer hugo ball, who had taken refuge from the war in neutral switzerland, reflected on the state of contemporary art: “the image of the human and satirist) that he, emmy hennings (a singer and poet he would later marry) and a few expatriate pals had opened as a gathering place for artists and writers.
The trauma of 1914–18 forever changed geopolitical boundaries, the science of killing, and the meaning of war the use of literature and painting in the service of war was mocked mercilessly in the nonsense verse of the dada movement and in the nightmare paintings of the surrealists to clean away the damage that.
When marcel duchamp painted a moustache on the mona lisa in the dadaist lhooq in 1919, he captured the spirit of this movement even if surrealist fiction and poetry had the same cloistered and solipsistic quality as the paintings, breton and others issued thousands of proclamations taking positions on the.
This has left them outside the reach of three generations of americans who, by and large, are unaware of the work done by surrealists during the second half of the century michael s in fact, they shared similar origins, but they diverged on their interpretation of what those origins meant to the aesthetic of art at the end of.