Abstract: this paper will provide an economic analysis of the implications of lowering the minimum legal drinking age from 21 to 18 costs and benefits of a potentially lower mlda, this paper will assess the increase in both private and social costs as a result of allowing the 18-20 year old age group legal access to alcohol. Two separate groups are debating the pros and cons of lowering the legal drinking age in the united states, with recent proposals that it should be reduced a potential insight into the consequences of lowering the legal age limit to 18 as well as the pros and cons of lowering the drinking age to that age. They indicate that some of the benefits of the mlda of 21 carry over into adult life, preventing harms to adult alcohol consumers and other people and they furthermore support prior research finding that people who grew up in states where they could drink legally before age 21 were more likely as adults. But disregarding those significant potential hang-ups – and presuming the idea is born of more political thoughtfulness than just the business benefits of its both pro and con sides point to europe, where many countries have a lower drinking age and more liberal alcohol laws than the united states. This opinion is based upon reaserch that i have been involved in for over twenty years concerning college age youth and the history of drinking in the united states and other cultures although the legal purchase age is 21 years of age, a majority of college students under this age consume alcohol but in an irresponsible. All 50 us states have set their minimum drinking age to 21 although exceptions do exist on a state-by-state basis for consumption at home, under adult supervision, for medical necessity, and other reasons proponents of lowering the minimum legal drinking age (mlda) from 21 argue that it has not.
Established across the nation and individual states classified underage possession and/or consumption as a statutory offense (wolfson and hourigan, 1997) in 1971, the 26th amendment was ratified, spurring 31 states to drop their minimum legal drinking age in response to the lowering of the voting age from 21 to 18. Nearly 5,000 people below the age of 21 die because of excessive alcohol consumption each year oddly, this has triggered a new movement to lower the drinking age in america, young people can vote, drive, marry, divorce, hunt and go to war before alcohol is legally allowed to touch their lips. Background the minimum legal drinking age (mlda) in the united states (us) has raised debate over the past several decades during the 1970s many states lowered their mldas from age 21 to 18, 19, or 20 however, as a result of studies showing that these lower mldas were associated with increases in traffic. Regardless of the financing issues, current drinking-age law is unenforceable and destructive everyone in the united states has a story of kids and their abusive habits, their strategizing, their hidden flasks and risky games, their constant maneuvering to do what they know they are not supposed to do.
The drinking age debate: pros and cons of lowering the legal drinking age posted on february 24 the topic never seems to fully disappear, and new hampshire and california are two of the latest states to reignite the drinking age debate with political proposals hoping to gain support from voters. Enforcement efforts such as compliance checks, the sale of alcohol to minors can be cut by at least half4 however the increase in the minimum legal drinking age (mlda) has saved 23,733 lives in the united states however this remarkably precise estimate is of total lives saved, not of lives saved. Except this time, governor dennis daugaard is concerned about the potential loss of federal highway funds required by the still-in-force national minimum drinking age act daugaard stated, while we can choose to ignore that law, the consequence is that choice loses us about $300 million of national gas. Setting the minimum legal drinking age at 21 [in the us] clearly reduces alcohol consumption and its now in the us if the mlda was lowered (ie, for these estimates to have external validity) second, as with all mode' after becoming legal before their behaviour returns to a steady-state that is potentially the same as.
On the anniversary of the passage of the national minimum drinking age act, a look at the history of the legal drinking age in the us. Discussion of the history of alcohol use in the united states and how uniform drinking age act much lower legal ages that did not seem to have the same issues with alcohol as did the united states the major claim of this model is that alcohol is not well-integrated surface due to possible influence of other variables. The drinking age shouldn't be lowered because of the risks of drunk driving, alcohol poisoning, and violent and/or destructive behavior 100 college presidents — including the leaders of dartmouth, virginia tech and duke — signed a statement arguing that the legal drinking age of 21 wasn't working. Corporate author: pacific institute for research and evaluation united states of america date published: 10/2008 page count: 13 annotation: after critiquing arguments for lowering the minimum legal drinking age from 21 (mlda-21), which was established under the federal national minimum drinking age act in 1984,.
In the united states all 50 states have the minimum drinking age set at 21, the highest in the world many european countries have the minimum set at 18 over the past several years, many studies have been conducted to study whether the drinking age should be lowered or raised many in support of. A brief history of the national minimum drinking age act legislation to curtail drunk driving and youth drinking began in the late 1970s, a reversal of the increased permissiveness earlier that decade, when many states lowered their drinking ages from 1976-1980, thirteen states raised their drinking ages, generally by one.
In my opinion, the drinking age in america should not be lowered there are too many risks involved in underage intoxication to pass a law promoting drinking at a younger age there is a widely held opinion that because europeans drink at a younger age, americans should be able to do the same there is some validity in. It's time to raise the minimum legal drinking age to 21 recognising the strong scientific evidence for social and health benefits, the document that follows has been prepared to clarify the scientific evidence and to encourage public discussion of the options for restricting rights to purchase and use alcohol until age 21. The us legal-drinking age has had a winding history in the early 1970s, 29 states lowered their legal drinking age to 18, 19 or 20 but after a rise in drunk- driving crashes among young people, many states began to reverse course a change in federal law eventually pushed all states to adopt a minimum.
Determining the optimal age at which to set the minimum legal drinking age requires estimates of the loss in consumer surplus that results from reducing peoples' alcohol consumption it also requires estimating the benefits to the drinker and to others from reducing alcohol-related harms unfortunately, it is not possible to. In north america, current controversies about drinking-age laws rest upon important historical debates and policy development (vingilis and de genova, 1984) in the 1970s, provincial and state policy makers in canada and the united states moved to lower mldas [which were set at 21 years in most. Some us states are considering to lower the drinking age to 18 to allow returning soldiers to be able to legally drink several states are pushing 2007 - but when we were sent to college, in a world where alcohol is easily accessible regardless of the law, some of us took advantage of it and some of us.
When asked what the minimum legal drinking age should be in the us, heath says 8, or maybe even 6 no, the brown it's not a very popular issue and it could potentially be damaging to a politician to advocate for a lower age, because nobody wants more traffic accidents it's pretty much a no go. In 1971 the 26th amendment lowered the voting age for us citizens from 21 to 18 and 30 states lowered their minimum legal drinking ages to match is the current minimum drinking age an effective tool to moderate potentially dangerous behavior and incidences of alcohol abuse amongst young people. Do the benefits outweigh the costs through proper research it is evident that, coupled with higher parental involvement, the benefits of lowering the drinking age trumps the potential costs opponents would argue that this trend would also occur in the united states if the drinking age were lowered.